Starting January 1st 2017, in all transactions exceeding PLN 15,000 (gross amount including VAT) entrepreneurs will be obliged to settle their business liabilities through a bank account. Even though the term “transactions” has not been defined, it seems that a “transaction” should be understood as a contract for provision of goods or services entered into between entrepreneurs, in relation to their business operations. As follows from the new regulations, the PLN 15,000 threshold relates to the entire contract (“transaction”), irrespective of the number of payments made under the given contract.
What happens with foreign currency transactions
Where transactions are expressed in foreign currencies, they should be converted to PLN using the average exchange rate announced by the National Bank of Poland on the last business day preceding the day of the transaction.
Penalties, deadlines and restrictions
Penalties will be imposed on the taxpayers of both personal and corporate income tax violating this obligation. Under these new regulations entrepreneurs who made cash payment exceeding PLN 15,000 in transactions where a bank transfer was required, will not be allowed to treat this expense as a tax deductible cost. In the event where the given expense had already been treated as a tax deductible cost (before it was settled), but due to its settlement in cash it cannot be treated as a tax deductible expense, the taxpayer will be obliged to decrease the tax deductible costs by this amount.
Please note that at present, cash payments are limited to the PLN equivalent of EUR 15,000, so starting from next year the limit is going to be reduced significantly. Moreover, under current tax regulations there are no penalties for taxpayers violating this limit.
The restrictions on the tax deductibility of expenses mentioned above shall apply to payments made from the first tax year commencing after December 31, 2016. However, they should not apply to payments relating to transactions (contracts) executed before January 1st, 2017, provided that the transaction value did not exceed a PLN equivalent of EUR 15,000 (the current threshold). Moreover, the taxpayer will not be obliged to decrease tax deductible costs by the amounts paid in cash over this PLN 15,000 limit, in case where these expenses were treated as tax deductible before January 1st, 2017.