Companies can provide services in another EU member states without the need to establish a legal entity in the respective country. In order to do that, they can post their employees to carry out services there.
Posting of employees, also known as employee secondment, helps to improve business efficiency and deal with temporary gaps in labour market. It should be noted that posted employees differ from EU mobile workers as they are in the EU member state only on temporary basis – to carry out the task required – and they do not integrate in this labour market. According to EU figures, posting of employees is becoming more and more common – between 2010 and 2014 the number of posted employees in EU increased by almost 45% and the number is still increasing rapidly. The number differs significantly based on the sector while it is mostly used in construction and manufacturing sector.
EU legal framework on posting of employees is already in place since 1996 (EU Directive No. 96/71/ES) introducing the main rules to guarantee a fair level playing field between companies. In addition, in 2014 the Enforcement Directive (EU Directive No. 2014/67/EU) was approved to strengthen the practical application and cooperation between respective local authorities.
The Enforcement Directive introduced by European Commission had to be implemented by the member states by18 June 2016. The main aim is not only to guarantee the posted employees to be treated equally with local workers in terms of working conditions (such as salary, working hours, breaks etc.) but also to avoid possible social dumping when foreign companies offer lower prices to carry out some work because the average salary in the respective country is lower or other conditions are more favourable in terms of costs.
So even if the posted employees are employed by the sending company and therefore are subject of the law applicable in the respective state where the company is seated, they are entitled to have more favourable conditions that are valid in the host member state.
The abovementioned conditions apply mainly to the following set of core rights:
Working through temporary work agencies
Health, safety and hygiene at work
Equal treatment between women and men
Read our overview "Posting of employees in Europe"and find out how the Enforcement directive has been implemented in the local legislation of Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Romania and Czech Republic:
We would be more than happy to offer you our services in this area, such as:
Preparation of agreement on employee posting / secondment
Analysis of mandatory obligations of the employer in the respective state
Review of core rights of the state where the employee should be posted
Registration of employees with the relevant authorities
Representation of the employer as the designated liaison person for the delivery of documents and decisions
Advisory and administrative support with local and international payroll taxes