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According to the Act on Personal Income Tax, the total dividend amount paid by limited liability companies to individuals should be considered as the income of individuals, thus public burden payment obligations arise in form of personal income tax and in general case healthcare contribution related to the paid amount. The Hungarian law regulates in connection with limited liability companies detailed the conditions on dividend payment, therefore in our current newsletter we are going to discuss the most important general issues and criteria, to beforehand answer the questions which possibly could arise regarding this topic.
Dividend payment is, when companies making payments to their members, in the actual financial year, using the profit after taxation of the current year and free accumulated profit reserves.
The taxed profit of the previous, already closed financial year should be considered as the basis, what should be added (or deducted in case of negative amount) with the value of retained earnings.
The total amount of dividend paid for individuals by companies shall be regarded as their separately taxed revenue; therefore they are liable to pay personal income tax and healthcare contributions based on it.
In case of limited liability companies, the members decide about the payment of dividends at time of acceptance of the annual report. According to the current legislations in force, except if the articles of association defined otherwise, the dividends should be paid from the company’s profit after taxation, in the proportion of primary stakes of the members.
According to the law, it’s a mandatory condition, that only those members are entitled to dividend payments, who are listed in the company register as members during the dividend-related general meeting. These members can receive dividend payments only to the extent of their already completed contributions.
Dividend cannot be paid in following cases:
In Hungary, limited liability companies are not obliged to make any notification regarding dividend payments. Related decision is included in the member’s resolution which will be part of the book of decisions of the company.
Unlike at the personal income tax, healthcare contribution is not payable in case of interim dividend payments, only based on the approved dividends, based on the effectively paid dividends from the profit after tax.
It can be observed, that after the paid dividend reaches a specified amount, related tax burdens are lower, due to the maximized amount of the healthcare contribution prescribed by the law (HUF 450.000).
According to the current legislations in force, the dividends and their extent can be determined based on the company’s annual report and members can receive their proportional share of profit after the financial year has been closed. As this is quite an extensive time, the law provides an opportunity for members to get an interim dividend payment before the end of the reference year. In case of limited liability companies, the interim dividend payments can be presented by the company’s manager/executive (if there is a supervisory board at the company, then according with their approval).
If the report after the interim dividend payments shows that the company has no opportunity for dividend payments, then the interim dividends should be repaid. In particular, this clause of the regulation protects the company’s creditors and vendors.
Please note that this current newsletter only covers the range of limited liability companies and only presents the most important parts and conditions. If you need more detailed information regarding this topic, please feel free to contact us, our tax advisors would be pleased to answer to your questions.