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According to Romanian legislation, in order to employ foreign citizens, Romanian employers must fulfill certain obligations and must follow some steps that, in the case of citizens from outside the EU, are not very simple.
As such, the difficulty level in the employment process depends on the origin of the citizen that needs to be employed in Romania.
We will next detail the procedure that must be completed in the case of citizens coming both from and outside the EU space.
Considering that an employer wishes to employ in Romania a foreign citizen from the EU, EES or SC for more than 3 months, he must file for registration of residency for the expat citizen at the county offices of the General Inspectorate for Immigration.
A dossier must be filled, containing the following documents:
Based on the documents mentioned above, for the citizens of the EU, EES or SC employed on Romanian territory, the General Inspectorate for Immigration will issue a Certificate of Registration in the same day. This certificate is valid for a period of up to 5 years, but no shorter than 1 year.
At this time, based on the CNP received from IGI, the expat employee can be added to the 112 Statement without facing any issues at its validation and he will also be enlisted in the Social Security system.
The foreign employee must also request from the employer a certificate required for the doctor and must enlist at a family physician in Romania. This is due to the fact that one of the mandatory pieces of information required for declaring the CASS tax is the one in regard with the employee’s regional Health House.
For the individual work contract, the salary is calculated as for a resident employee, local legislation being enforced. As such, the employer will calculate and retain social contributions and income tax in conformity with the legal requirements in effect at the moment the calculation is made. Until the 25th of next month, all these are declared through the 112 Statement and are payed to the state in the name of the employee.
In order to obtain the Registration Certificate, depending on purpose, the following documents must be handed in:
In this case, the employer must obtain an employment notification. The non-EU citizen may be employed with full-time 8 hours/day in Romania only by a single employer, be it an individual or a legal entity. Foreign citizens who hold a work permit may be employed by another employer with a part-time contract of up to 4 hours/day.The employer will obtain the employment notification from the local county branch of the General Inspectorate for Immigration where he has his head office. In order to do this, he must file a series of documents and pay a number of taxes.
Individuals that do not have Romanian citizenship or the citizenship of another EU or EES state may be employed in Romania, only if the following conditions are met:
Depending on the type of activity that the employee performs here, there are multiple categories in which he may be classified: permanent workers, probationary, seasonal etc. After obtaining the work permit, the employer must forward this document to the employee, and he will obtain a long-term visa for employment from the proper diplomatic missions and the consular offices of Romania.
In order to obtain the visa, a serie of documents must be filled. The visa tax is EUR 120 and must be paid in the state in which the application is made.
Long-term visa is granted for a period of 90 days, with one or more trips allowed. After this step, the employee must obtain his single permit. The required documents are filed personally by the applicant (a picture will be taken) at the local branch of the General Immigration Inspectorate with at least 30 days prior to the expiration of the visa.
The single permit is renewed with at least 30 days before the expiration of the prior one. The salary is handled the same as in the case for EU citizens, as long as he is employed and detached.
An employment notice is required in order to be employed in Romania even in the following situations:
Depending on the type of activity that is to be performed in Romania, one can be employed as a:
The General Immigration Inspectorate solves the request for releasing the employment notice in a maximum term of 30 days from the requests’ registration. In the cases where extra checks are required, the term can be extended with a maximum of 15 days.
After obtaining the employment notice, the employer must send this document to the employee and he will obtain the long-term visa for employment from the diplomatic and consular missions of Romania.
For secondment, the following documents are required:
The visa tax is EUR 120 and is payed in the state where the solicitation is made.
The long-term visa is issued for a period of 90 days, with one or more trips included.
After entering Romania, a single permit must be obtained. The required documents are filed personally by the applicant (a picture will be taken) at the local branch of the General Immigration Inspectorate with at least 30 days prior to the expiration of the visa.
For the first extension of the right of stay (obtaining the first single permit) for employment the following documents must be filed:
The single permit is renewed with at least 30 days prior to the old one’s expiration.
The General Immigration Inspectorate solves the request for releasing the employment notice in a maximum term of 30 days from the requests’ registration. In the cases where extra checks are required the term can be extended with a maximum of 15 days.