The Ministry of Labour, family and social affairs of the Slovak Republic set a higher minimum wage for 2023. There was a monthly increase of EUR 54 for individual levels of work intensity compared to last year. An increase in the minimum wage also means an increase in bonuses and on-call time.
From January 1, 2023, the monthly minimum wage will increase from the current EUR 646 to EUR 700. The basic minimum hourly wage increases from EUR 3.713 to EUR 4.023 per hour for a working period of 40 hours per week.
Example calculation of the minimum wage when working with the 1st degree of work intensity:
|Calculation of minimum wage in 2022
|Calculation of minimum wage in 2023
|Difference 2022 vs. 2023
|Minimum wage amount||646||700||54|
|Social security – employee||60.72||65.80||5.08|
|Health insurance – employee *||25.84||28||2.16|
|Social security – employer||162.79||176.4||13.61|
|Health insurance – employer||64.60||70||5.40|
|Tax (when applying the non-taxable part of the tax base)||33.79||37.23||3.44|
The increase in the minimum wage entitlement for individual levels of work intensity increases by EUR 54. Keep in mind that when setting the remuneration, it is necessary to pay attention to the degree of work intensity for which position!
|Work Intensity Degree||Minimum wage claim 2022 in EUR||Minimum wage claim 2023
|Increase in 2023 compared to 2022 in EUR
||Minimum hourly wage in 2023 in EUR
40h / week
|Minimum hourly wage in 2023 in EUR
38.75h / week
|Minimum hourly wage in 2023 in EUR
37.5h / week
Increase of surcharges
Since 2021, surcharges have not been linked to a minimum wage, but are fixed. Their amount is decided by the government and the National Council of the Slovak Republic, and for 2023 they remain at the same level as in 2022.
Overview of surcharges:
|Type of surcharge||2021||2022||2023|
|Night shifts||EUR 1.43||EUR 1.43||EUR 1.43|
|Saturday work||EUR 1.79||EUR 1.79||EUR 1.79|
|Sunday work||EUR 3.58||EUR 3.58||EUR 3.58|
|On-call duty (outside the workplace)||EUR 0.72||EUR 0.72||EUR 0.72|
* The Labour Code provides for exceptions for lower surcharges
The holiday surcharge for employees is based on the average hourly earnings in the relevant period and is at least equal to the minimum hourly wage, EUR 4.023. Also, overtime pay is based on average hourly earnings.
In the case of a person working on a contract, the holiday pay is set at a minimum of EUR 3.58 per hour of work.
The non-taxable amount increases from January 1, 2023
The non-taxable amount of the taxpayer increases to EUR 410.24 per month (EUR 4,992.82 per year). In order to claim the non-taxable amount on a monthly basis, it is necessary for the employee to sign a Declaration for the application of the non-taxable amount (hereinafter referred to as the “Declaration”). If the Declaration has already been signed, the non-taxable amount also applies automatically in 2023 and it is not necessary to sign the Declaration again.
If the employee’s total taxable income does not exceed EUR 2,461.41, the tax will not be levied and therefore will not be paid.
The maximum assessment basis increases from January 1, 2023
The maximum assessment base for social insurance increases from January 1, 2023 to the amount of EUR 8,477. It does not apply to accident and health insurance, which do not have a maximum assessment base.
Change of the amount of the tax bonus for a child
- EUR 50 – child under 15 years of age
- EUR 100 – dependent child above 15 years of age
The amount will not be always granted automatically to every employee’s child. The amount of the claim depends on the provided percentage of the income tax base according to the Section 5 of the Income Tax Act. The more children the employee has, the more the percentage limit increases (20% – 55%).
|Maximum amount of tax bonus in % from partial tax base|
|Number of children||1||2||3||4||5||6 and more|
|A child under 15: 100 EUR||20%||27%||34%||41%||48%||55%|
|A child above 15: 50 EUR|
An example of tax bonus calculation
For an employee with a minimum wage of EUR 700 and 3 children under 15 years of age, we will calculate the maximum tax bonus by calculating the tax base (700 – 93.8) = 606.2.
We will calculate the amount of the maximum tax bonus, i.e., 606.20 * 34% (percentage for the number of children) = 206.11 EUR from the tax base.
Even though according to the age and number of children, the employee would be entitled to 3 * EUR 100 = EUR 300, the tax bonus will be a maximum of EUR 206.11.