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Minimum wage in Slovakia will increase from January 1, 2023 | News Flash

January 31, 2023
This article is also available in
Slovak

The Ministry of Labour, family and social affairs of the Slovak Republic set a higher minimum wage for 2023. There was a monthly increase of EUR 54 for individual levels of work intensity compared to last year. An increase in the minimum wage also means an increase in bonuses and on-call time.

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From January 1, 2023, the monthly minimum wage will increase from the current EUR 646 to EUR 700. The basic minimum hourly wage increases from EUR 3.713 to EUR 4.023 per hour for a working period of 40 hours per week.Example calculation of the minimum wage when working with the 1st degree of work intensity:

  Calculation of minimum wage in 2022
in EUR
Calculation of minimum wage in 2023
in EUR
Difference 2022 vs. 2023
in EUR
Minimum wage amount 646 700 54
Social security – employee 60.72 65.80 5.08
Health insurance – employee * 25.84 28 2.16
Social security – employer 162.79 176.4 13.61
Health insurance – employer 64.60 70 5.40
Tax (when applying the non-taxable part of the tax base) 33.79 37.23 3.44
Labour cost 873.39 946.4  73.01
Net Wage 525.65 568.97 43.32

The increase in the minimum wage entitlement for individual levels of work intensity increases by EUR 54. Keep in mind that when setting the remuneration, it is necessary to pay attention to the degree of work intensity for which position!

Work Intensity Degree Minimum wage claim 2022 in EUR Minimum wage claim 2023
in EUR
Increase in 2023 compared to 2022 in EUR
Minimum hourly wage in 2023 in EUR
40h / week
Minimum hourly wage in 2023 in EUR
38.75h / week
Minimum hourly wage in 2023 in EUR
37.5h / week
1 646 700 54 4.023 4.153 4.291
2 762 816 54 4.690 4.841 5.003
3 878 932 54 5.356 5.520 5.713
4 994 1048 54 6.023 6.217 6.425
5 1110 1164 54 6.690 6.906 7.136
6 1226 1280 54 7.356 7.593 7.846

Increase of surcharges

Since 2021, surcharges have not been linked to a minimum wage, but are fixed. Their amount is decided by the government and the National Council of the Slovak Republic, and for 2023 they remain at the same level as in 2022.

Overview of surcharges:

Type of surcharge 2021 2022 2023
Night shifts EUR 1.43 EUR 1.43 EUR 1.43
Saturday work EUR 1.79 EUR  1.79 EUR 1.79
Sunday work EUR 3.58 EUR 3.58 EUR 3.58
On-call duty (outside the workplace) EUR 0.72 EUR 0.72 EUR 0.72

* The Labour Code provides for exceptions for lower surcharges

The holiday surcharge for employees is based on the average hourly earnings in the relevant period and is at least equal to the minimum hourly wage, EUR 4.023. Also, overtime pay is based on average hourly earnings.

In the case of a person working on a contract, the holiday pay is set at a minimum of EUR 3.58 per hour of work.

The non-taxable amount increases from January 1, 2023

The non-taxable amount of the taxpayer increases to EUR 410.24 per month (EUR 4,992.82 per year). In order to claim the non-taxable amount on a monthly basis, it is necessary for the employee to sign a Declaration for the application of the non-taxable amount (hereinafter referred to as the “Declaration”). If the Declaration has already been signed, the non-taxable amount also applies automatically in 2023 and it is not necessary to sign the Declaration again.

If the employee’s total taxable income does not exceed EUR 2,461.41, the tax will not be levied and therefore will not be paid.

The maximum assessment basis increases from January 1, 2023

The maximum assessment base for social insurance increases from January 1, 2023 to the amount of EUR 8,477. It does not apply to accident and health insurance, which do not have a maximum assessment base.

Change of the amount of the tax bonus for a child

  • EUR 50 – child above 18 years of age
  • EUR 140 – dependent child under 18 years of age

The amount will not be always granted automatically to every employee’s child. The amount of the claim depends on the provided percentage of the income tax base according to the Section 5 of the Income Tax Act. The more children the employee has, the more the percentage limit increases (20% – 55%).

Maximum amount of tax bonus in % from partial tax base
Number of children 1 2 3 4 5 6 and more
A child under 18: 140 EUR 20% 27% 34% 41% 48% 55%
A child above 18: 50 EUR

An example of tax bonus calculation

For an employee with a minimum wage of EUR 700 and 3 children under 15 years of age, we will calculate the maximum tax bonus by calculating the tax base (700 – 93.8) = 606.2.

We will calculate the amount of the maximum tax bonus, i.e., 606.20 * 34% (percentage for the number of children) = 206.11 EUR from the tax base.

Even though according to the age and number of children, the employee would be entitled to 3 * EUR 140 = EUR 420, the tax bonus will be a maximum of EUR 206.11.

Tax base of second parent (second authorized person) is considered only at the time of submitting the tax return for 2023 and the claim to the maximum possible amount of the tax bonus can be claimed through the filing of the tax return.

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